Dec132011 五香粉 chinese five spices  

五香粉 chinese five spices

Dec132011 五香粉 chinese five spices - main ingredients  

美國製的五香粉裡, 沒有花椒這一味, 也許是擔心許多不敢吃辣的美國人會受不了那個特殊的麻味吧

五香粉主成分: 磨成粉的花椒、肉桂皮、八角、丁香、小茴香籽。http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E4%BA%94%E9%A6%99%E7%B2%89

找到這個配方較忠於原味, How to make your own five-spice powder

Five-spice powder

2 teaspoons Szechuan peppercorns
8 star anise
2 sticks cassia (or cinnamon)
1 tablespoon ground cloves
1 tablespoon fennel seeds

1)Roast the peppercorns and star anise for 2 minutes in a hot wok.
2)Grind them with a pestle and mortar. You could use a food processor of even a coffee grinder instead, if necessary.
3)Break the cassia or cinnamon stick into pieces and grind this with the peppercorns and star anise.
4)Then you add the rest of the ingredients, mix and grind themtogether, and your mix is ready to use! The powder has a very strong flavor so use it sparingly. Store it in a cool and dark place to preserve the taste.

Sunflower Food Galore的五香粉配方則是花椒、肉桂皮、八角、丁香、小茴香籽、黑胡椒以12g:15g:15g:2g:15g:8g的比例混和調配  http://sunflower-recipes.blogspot.com/2011/02/back-to-basics-homemade-five-spice.html

楊桃文化的簡單五香粉配方是將花椒、肉桂粉、八角、荳蔻粉(nutmeg)茴香以2:2:3:1:2的比例混和調配即可。http://www.ytower.com.tw/material/material-search.asp?key=%A4%AD%AD%BB%AF%BB

 

花椒 (szechuan pepper)  

花椒 (szechuan pepper):

Sichuan pepper (or Szechuan pepper) is the outer pod of the tiny fruit of a number of species in the genus Zanthoxylum (most commonly Z. piperitum, Z. simulans, and Z. schinifolium)  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sichuan_pepper

 

肉桂皮 (cinnamon bark)

肉桂皮 (cinnamon bark) :

用於五香粉原料中的肉桂, 名稱應是中國肉桂 (cassia or Chinese cinnamon), 學名是 Cinnamomum aromaticum  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamomum_aromaticum

在這裡看到的肉桂大多是Cinnamomum verum ("True cinnamon", Sri Lanka cinnamon or Ceylon cinnamon) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamon

 

八角 (star anise)  

八角 (star anise):

學名 Illicium verum, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_Anise

 

丁香 (cloves)  

丁香 (cloves):

學名Syzygium aromaticum are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clove 

桃金孃科的丁香樹花苞, 丁香樹跟蓮霧同一科, 但是成品差很多呢

小茴香籽 (fennel)  

小茴香籽 (fennel):

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum (treated as the sole species in the genus by most botanists). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fennel 

 

  

其他參考資料來源:

http://www.geocities.ws/kitship/HelpDictionary.html

肉桂皮 (cinnamon bark) :

http://www.2rich.com.tw/aroma/plant/CINNAMON.htm

http://www.icr.com.tw/cinnamon_2.asp

 

 

 

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